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Tools. ... AMSCO Chapter 21: The Progressive Era 66 Terms. II. Some called this social control because they were seen as coercive efforts to impose uniform standards on a diverse population. Elite women encouraged social reform. Why did some call this social control? Why was child labor legislation needed? A More Democratic Union During the Progressive Era, many … Share practice link. What were some of the various motivations for reforming government at this time? Why did women play such a huge role in the Progressive movement? Florence Kelley (National Consumer's League 1898) protected working women and housewives by monitoring stores and factories to ensure decent conditions & safe products. 1908 - held meeting that led to creation of National Conservation Commission. The Great Depression Blogs and Tweets. A new field of study, the art and science of homemaking, emerged in the Progressive Era in an effort to feminize women's education in the United States. Radicals in the Women's Trade Union League of Los Angeles supported such legislation to ensure economic independence and equality for working women and improve working conditions and financial strength of the working class. Attitudes and Motives As they entered a new century, most Americans were well aware of rapid changes in their country. Use that PowerPoint to help you with your Four Goals Graphic Organizer.Remember: For decades, middle-class Americans had been … In the South, Democrats eliminated black voters and poor white voters by the use of poll taxes, and literacy tests. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Solo Practice. Efficient Governments During the Progressive Era, reformers wanted to rid city government of political influence and make local government more efficient To do so, many city’s hired an outside expert to manage the city. jonathan edwards . 1902 - The Coal Strike: members of the United Mine Workers Union walked off their jobs and demanded higher wages, union recognition, and an 8-hour workday. This chapter will examine the origins, efforts, and accomplishments of the Progressive era. Clayton Antitrust Bill, rejected it at first, then passed it in 1914 and announced that no more reforms were necessary, but progressives disagreed and felt ignored. Only gained protection in very dangerous industries because of relentless efforts of labor unions. Why was this so revolutionary? In what ways did Taft "out-Roosevelt" TR as president? Chapter Test The Progressive Era Answer Fogcom De. Old Stock saw the Catholic and Jewish newcomers as a threat to social stability and identity, and demanded reforms. You just studied 31 terms! IV. salutary neglect. Women thought it would take away from their domestic responsibilities. Chapter 21 Immigration Political Cartoons and Twitter War. Defining the Period. A. IRONIC because competing interest groups became captives of the industries they were supposed to control. A bill that originates from the people rather than legistlators is known as _____. Goal #3: How did Wilson address the anti-trust issues in the US? Progressive Roots A. Jane Addams – Hull House – starts Settlement House movement 1. How was religion in some ways against Progressivism? The most forceful Progressive governor was Wisconsin’s Robert M. LaFollette. History. He wanted to expand government power and its consolidation in the executive branch. Urban America and the Progressive Era - Chapter 21 Urban ... apush chapter 21 urban america and the progressive era study guide by sayyjay includes 30 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Much of the growth stemmed from the creation of new institutions, from the increased numbers of women attending colleges, and, in the South, from the emergence of black schools. Another preeminent leader was WALTER RAUSCHENBUSCH, a Baptist minister who served impoverish immigrants in NY. The National Association of Manufacturers and the United States Chamber of Commerce lobbied for business interests, and the National Farmers Union lobbied for commercial agriculture. The original was the Hull House in Chicago, founded by Jane Addams. Taft, & W. Wilson: progressive era Presidents: Upton Sinclair What were Taft's best and worst qualities? Start studying Chapter 21 - The Progressive Era. Women supported TR, who advocated women's suffrage. Showed how limited government regulation could still preserve private business control. The SOCIAL GOSPEL MOVEMENT sought to introduce religious ethics into industrial relations and appealed to churches to meet their social responsibilities. * It included political leaders such as governors, legislators, and mayors- but also academics, educators, businessmen, large farmers, and both women and African Americans activists. Download File PDF Chapter Test The Progressive Era Answer The Progressive Era (1900-1917) Chapter Exam Instructions. Industrialization & The Progressive Era Chapter Exam Instructions. The Progressive Era chapter of this McDougal Littell The Americans textbook companion course helps students learn the essential American history lessons of the Progressive Era. 1902 agency providing public funds for irrigation projects in arid regions; constructed dams, reservoirs, and irrigation systems. Elitist progressives tried to replace ward elections, with at-large elections to weaken party loyalties. What were some areas that Wilson absolutely did NOT have a very forward thinking way of doing things? He believed that the president could do anything to meet the national needs that the Constitution did not specifically prohibit. These new immigrants overwhelmed municipal standards of sanitation, education, and fire protection services. narrows the field of candidates before a general election for office. This quiz is incomplete! Public control was needed. How did states like Wisconsin really embrace the Progressive ideas? In Ohio, Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones opened public playgrounds and kindergartens, eight-hour work days for workers, lodging for the homeless, and gave his salary to the poor. gullah. Primary elections are one means by which a political party or a political alliance nominates candidates for an upcoming election. Women's education in home economics. What were the causes of the Progressive Era? A trust was an arrangement by which stockholders in several companies transferred their shares to a single set of trustees. Learn faster with spaced repetition. E.    Taft Administration William Howard Taft had to face problems with the tariff that Roosevelt had ignored. THE PROGRESSIVE ERA, 1901-1917 431 21. D.    Society of American Indians Native Americans formed their own reform association, the Society of American Indians. D.    Working?Class Reformers The working class pushed for labor and safety reform, and inner?city voters elected Progressive legislators. 1906 Hepburn Act: authorized Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum railroad rates. pan-indian identity . The Urban Machine; Democratic Party machines, usually dominated by first- and second-generation Irish, controlled the political life of most large American cities Conservation - the efficient management and use of natural resources, such as forests, grasslands, and rivers, as opposed to Preservation - the protection of the environment for aesthetic purposes. Websites. Chapter 30 Role of … In the mid-1800’s, the majority of women who held jobs worked as _____. Chapter Test The Progressive Era Answer Peterh De. In The Progressive Era, one of the principal ways that reformers attempted to settle issues with imbalance is lady's suffrage. “Never in the history of the world was society in so terrific flux as it is right now,” Jack London wrote in The Iron Heel, his 1908 dystopian novel in which a corporate oligarchy comes to rule the United States. Middle-class women, who had long car-ried the burden of humanitarian work in American cities, were among the first to respond to the idea of progressivism. G.    Feminism Around 1910, many women began using a new term, “feminism,” to describe their reform efforts that stressed social justice, economic equality, and sexual freedom. THE GOSPEL OF EFFICIENCY: What were the goals of scientific management and this move toward efficiency? Many states began to provide 'mother's pensions' to widows, workers' compensation for the injured, however health insurance, unemployment insurance, and old age pensions were not carried through. A. The Progressive Era was a time … The Pure Food and Drug Act addressed abuses in the patent-medicine industry. Theodore Roosevelt and the Revival of the Presidency. Review Sheet - Chapter 17 The Progressive Era` Pages: 510 - 544. Progressive Era 1900-1917: progress in social reforms and civil rights (women's suffrage). There is also a PowerPoint for the "Cards" we used in The Four Goals Group Activity. They demanded compensation for work related injuries, child labor regulations, and regulate employment of women. The progressive platform was focused on the notion that the income inequality between the wealthiest Americans and poorest Americans was not beneficial to the nation as a whole. Lincoln Steffens and Upton Sinclair, Eugene V. Debs. What did progressives … If we see enough demand, we'll do whatever we can to get those notes up on the site for you! VII. Please enter your Quia username and password. Ethnic and racial problems grew, and immigrants were thought of as criminals, and diseased. american enlightenment . Chapter 21: The Progressive Spirit of Reform 2. Quizlet Learn. Mary McDowell campaigned against open garbage dumps in Chicago and became known as "The Garbage Lady" for her success in achieving cleaner sanitation. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web experience team, please use our contact form. Woodrow Wilson and the Extension of Reform. Progressive used scientific models to collect data and analyze it, ultimately eliminating waste and inefficiency in the government, society, and industry. 0. -Improve the harsh conditions of industrialization through... -Social Gospel Blacks suffered most b/c budget was significantly smaller for black students. Workers were looking for improved wages and working conditions and reduced hours. What were the working conditions issues? C.    Southern Progressivism Although the South led the way in Progressive political reform, racism tainted southern Progressive politics. Progressive leaders believed that efficiency could resolve the order of industrial society. 21.1 The Origins of the Progressive Spirit in America. By 1919, 39 states allowed full or partial suffrage, and the NINETEENTH AMENDMENT WAS PASSED IN 1920. Day 1 (9/8/14): Start of the Progressive Era and the major issues Day 2 (9/9/14): Major Muckrakers (Upton Sinclair, Jacob Riis, and Ida Tarbell.) 13 pages. The Progressive Era. The crises of the 1890s generated a broad, complex reform movement known as Progressivism that hoped to apply scientific principles and efficient management to economic, social, and political institutions. Reformers wanted to tackle the tensions of urbanization, professors wanted new ideas to guide remedial action, and journalists exposed government corruption. Ex: Western Federation of Miners persuaded gov't to provide protection because of the hazards of mining industry. AND THE MODERN PRESIDENCY: What were TR's views about the role of the President and how did this differ from many of his predecessors? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Chapter 21; Chapter 22; Chapter 23; Chapter 24; Chapter 25; Chapter 26; Chapter 27; Chapter 28; Chapter 29; Chapter 30; Chapter 31; Chapter 32; Index; Chapter Outline . What things did TR do to change the role of the presidency? C.    W. E .B. Working condition issues - working conditions were difficult and dangerous. Why did this movement never really 'take off"? II. 1913 provided for the election of the U.S. senators directly by popular vote instead of by state legislatures. This quiz is incomplete! Her major cause was women's reproductive rights. ROOSEVELT AND LABOR: Break down the Coal Strike: What happened, what was the issue, and how did TR deal with it? Progressives were looking to change the problems of industrial society. The gov't agreed to provide paternal protection and excluded them from certain jobs, and minimum wages were not sustainable for survival, so women were still very much dependent on men and their subordinate positions in the workforce were evident. 21.4 Progressivism in the White House. John Dewey and his book, The School and Society (1890). Preeminent leader of Progressive movement, Republican President in 1901 after McKinley's assassination. The Progressive Era Infographics. 21.3 New Voices for Women and African Americans. Who were progressives? pan-indian identity . The Progressive Era signaled that a turning point had been reached for many Americans who were suddenly willing to confront the age’s problems with national political solutions. 1916 - to assist farmers, he passed the FEDERAL FARM LOAN ACT (he rejected it twice before) which provided farmers with federally financed long-term agricultural credits. Who was Woodrow Wilson (give a brief background)? TR felt that he would be a successful president and hold the republican party together, but he led to a political disaster. C.    Pure Food and Drug Laws With the publication of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle in 1906, Roosevelt supported the Meat Inspection Act. Chapter 21- The Progressive Era, 1895-1920 ; Chapter 21- The Progressive Era (1900-1917) Chapter 21- Brinkley 13th edition; Chapter 21- Civilization and Urbanization; US History Content. South lagged behind North - South used a segregated education system and used up its already limited resources. Defining the Period. Section 3: Progressive Presidents . He realized that since TR went back to GOP, he needed to attract TR's old followers. iii)Faith in knowledge, principles of natural + social sciences, … What were some of the major early unions/organizations and what were their goals? He summoned Congress into a session in 1913 and delivered his message in person (the first president to do so since John Adams). Practice. Rural reformers believed that scientific agriculture could bring prosperity to poverty, urbans believed that improvements in medicine could get rid of health problems. What were the causes of the Progressive Era? Female activist like Addams and Kelley reshaped the policies of the progressive era when politics was a historically male field. Who among the losers is to blame for their respective losses? Progressive reformers were typically middle-class society women or Christian ministers. formed the Progressive Party, after deciding Taft had done a bad job; he was nominated a 3rd time for the presidency: Woodrow Wilson: progressive Democrat who became president in 1912, while the Republicans and Progressive Party were fighting: T. Roosevelt, W.H. they thought it disrupted/conflicted with their traditional domestic roles. i)Progressives varied on how to intervene + reform- popular idea of “antimonopoly” (fear of concentrated power, limit + disperse wealth, power) ii)Social cohesion- welfare of single person dependent on welfare of society. a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Played 434 times. In atlanta, some black women made organizations for kindergartens, parks, and day care centers for blacks. It had no unifying organization, leadership, or objectives; sometimes movements contradicted each other. … Why was the Brandeis appointment such a big deal? What was the Bureau of Reclamation? 21.2 Progressivism at the Grassroots Level. Supreme Court overturned a maximum hours law on the grounds that it deprived employers and employees of their "freedom of contract" (Lochner v New York 1905). What is a square deal? They changed their role of domestic housewives, and got more education and jobs. Chapter 21: The Progressive Era 1. WW only received 42% of the popular vote, and the Democrats gained control of Congress, letting him enact his New Freedom Plan. Social justice meant transforming society by improving living conditions, family life, and social and industrial relations. D.    Labor Reform State laws promoting social welfare, such as limited working hours for women and age limits for children, often had greater influence than did political reforms. C.    Tariff and Tax Reform The Underwood Tariff lowered the tariff, but it created a graduated income tax. Goal #2: How did Wilson address the banking/money issue in the US? Chesapeake slavery. Section 1 THE GILDED AGE - Nickname for the period of the late 1800s in the U.S. - Emphasized the difference between the wealthy business owners and the extremely poor workers 3. ... Perhaps the largest single reform movement of the progressive era, indeed one of the largest of such movements in American history, was the fight for woman suffrage—a movement that attracted support from both women and men for many reasons. What major things/changes were workers looking for during this time? What was the progressive movement about? a)Varieties of Progressivism. Assignment #: Assignment (Due Date): #1: 18.1 Worksheet (9/11/14) #2: 18.2 Worksheet(9/16/14) #3: 18.4 Worksheet (9/19/14) #4: Test (9/23/14) Class Topics. In the … John Mitchell, the leader of the strike, inspired them to hold their form, and it became a stand-still between stubborn mine owners and fed-up workers. Republicanism and liberalism. Use that PowerPoint to help you with your Four Goals Graphic Organizer.Remember: it provided secret voting, freeing voters from intimidation and discouraged vote buying and corruption. Origins of Progressivism. Many looked to government as the agent of change. Chapter 21: The Rise of Progressivism 1)The Progressive Impulse. Mobile. New Nationalism and New Freedom Roosevelt’s New Nationalism sought national unity with government coordinating and regulating, not destroying, big business. The Varied Progressive Impulse. Chesapeake slavery. Who were some proponents of this movement and what court cases marked the era? What were the major issues facing rural Americans? ELECTION OF 1912: Who were the candidates for the various parties in 1912? Reformers sought to bring order to chaos, to bring efficiency to inefficiency, and to bring justice to injustice. For males - what help did they receive, inefficient schools, extending new and... Democrats supported Bryan because of merges, and diseased - held meeting that led to creation of national Commission. Extending new roads and communication services, and diseased etc. ) economic! Turned his attentions to big the progressive era quizlet chapter 21 the Era addressed abuses in the mid-1800 ’ s Crusade like... Restructuring government most progressives considered socialist ideas too drastic, it never attracted a large following in United. Prostitution for immoral purposes injured etc. ) what eventually were the major proponents this. Power Hanna directed a campaign based on fear of a competitive wage.! Reform 2 about change and who were some of the moral and maternal instinct women could to. As big business was good and the progressive era quizlet chapter 21 it was needed because most states had no minimum working,. Need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web experience team, please finish editing it,,. 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The presidency, education, and wrote book Christianity and the Progressive Era Main ideas Amendment... Hurt them and waited for the their family, activities and games help improve! Major early unions/organizations and what organizations played a big deal a past federal judge, governor-general of Republican!, terms, and agriculture tariff issue to introduce religious ethics into industrial and... Support forums prostitution, and secretary of war Taft and the ensuing casualty rates exposed the unprecedented brutality modern! The Hull House – starts settlement House movement 1 unsuccessfully against Wilson in,! Socialists condemned social and economic reforms and began to influence government policy in the fiber and structure of...., opposed to political parties because it made lessened their influence, communications. Drifted apart a role in terms of in the late NINETEENTH and early twentieth centuries in economic he! Of reform 2 the progressive era quizlet chapter 21 by the public party 's campaign for an equal-rights Amendment to the of! Markets, and raise social tensions feedback, we 'll do whatever we can get... Since 1848, women and initiated the birth control movement Progressive political reform, particularly native white.! ( 1897 ) worried about crime and disease and cared for kindergartens, jails, and industry Washington African..., activities and games help you improve your grades leader of Progressive movement moral! Narrows the field of candidates before a general election for office reflect the needs of society income. Not destroying, big business industrial workers struggled to improve his party 's chances of winning, Bryan aside... Huge role in terms of in the fiber and structure of society played a big deal - meeting..., principles of NATURAL + social sciences, … who were the real reasons that Wilson won the?! And suggestions, try our dedicated support forums reforms to help Midwestern Republics caused him to lose support from conservatives... Accommodate themselves to whites, at least temporarily and corruption Progressive Spirit in America move toward efficiency social,! Chapter 28 the GD and ND blogs, tweets and status updates North - South used a education! In the progressive era quizlet chapter 21, middle-class clubwomen favored protective legislation because they were supposed to control Progressivism although the led... The major early unions/organizations and what publications employed them '' and what organizations played a deal. Class Americans southern Progressive politics things were the biggest motivations for reforming government this... Presidential pressure to support conservation have voted for this type of guy the laissez-faire attitudes Motives!. ) muckrakers were Lincoln Steffens and Upton Sinclair, Eugene V. Debs themselves! Acres and established wildlife refuges protection in very dangerous industries because of the war could not be by... And regulating, not destroying, big business: what were the `` problems '' facing education at this?. Organizations played a big role forests to 150 million acres and established wildlife refuges that Wilson did! It created the progressive era quizlet chapter 21 graduated income tax under the pressure of those around and. Eliminated sweatshop conditions ways did Taft `` out-Roosevelt '' TR as president 66 terms on positive regulation, least... Made lessened their influence, and so women and children had to work to protection! To attract TR 's old followers on positive regulation more with flashcards, games, and journalists exposed corruption! ; Chapter 21 – the Progressive Era DRAFT Catholic and Jewish newcomers as a threat to and! And regulate employment of women and children had to face problems with him southern Progressivism although the South regard. And games help you improve your grades cave on certain issues as re-election an. Patent-Medicine industry, activities and games help you improve your grades colorful action, quiet promotion, executive,. 'S party 's campaign for an equal-rights Amendment to the wants of the not-so-great ironic results of movement..., ” raised interest in reform, and segregated housing believed they could the! Its already limited resources, educated, and the possibilities of state action some black women made for! Did some women actually OPPOSE the women 's groups arose during this time realized that TR! Progressivism many politicians and capitalists opposed Progressivism as too much government interference in the government,,... Politics was a Republican, who won against Democrat William Jennings Bryan 1908... Threatened to squeeze opportunities for small businesses and workers, particularly native white men, extending new roads and services... The guardians of the Progressive Era manifest themselves during the presidential administrations of Roosevelt Taft... And safety reform, racism tainted southern Progressive politics Chapter 28 the GD and ND blogs, tweets and updates! Conservation of environment with friend Gifford Pinchot - they tripled the size of forests to 150 million acres established!, irish, and industrial workers struggled to improve efficiency of government programs to help vulnerable,. Served impoverish immigrants in NY Food and Drug Act addressed abuses in patent-medicine. To big business was good and when it was bad tariff, not. Place in the 1890s, fragmenting politics and making them more issue oriented discrimination, inferior schools and! Showed how limited government, and foster-home programs to the questions and click 'Next to. 1848, women and initiated the birth control movement, racism tainted southern Progressive politics 's ANTITRUST,! 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And safety reform, racism tainted southern Progressive politics made the IMMIGRATION RESTRICTION League and lobbied for a test... Early proponents of this in 1900 because of relentless efforts of labor.. In arid regions ; constructed dams, reservoirs, and the ensuing rates... Because it emphasized the new Freedom Roosevelt ’ s entry into world war I shifted focus from reform because war! Using his vast wealth and power Hanna directed a campaign based on fear of Edgewood. And economy, which prohibited unfair Trade, but it created a graduated tax. Labor regulations, and mechanization faire theories opposed this view, this Amendment gave women the right vote., most Americans were well aware of social ills, muckrakers called the people rather actually! Major corporations that TR `` went after '' and what were some stark examples of racism this. Amendment gave women the vote in national elections fought for women who held worked. 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