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himalayan balsam invasive

It was introduced to Kew Gardens in 1839 and is thought to have mainly been spread by people passing seeds to each other. Himalayan Balsam is, as the name suggests, native to India, more specifically to the Himalayas. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. You see, this isn’t just another invasive weed, it’s a very attractive one. This will aid in verification of your report. Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Fruit capsules explode when ripe and touched Habitat: Himalayan balsam is an herbaceous, terrestrial, annual plant that thrives in riparian zones. Now found in most areas of the UK, Himalayan balsam has become an invasive non-native species (INNS) in the UK and is most commonly found on riverbanks, waste ground, and damp areas, and can also thrive in many other habitats. Granted, it’s an oddly satisfying experience. It can be found in wetlands, forests, gardens, yards, and on the side of the road. Himalayan Balsam is an annual herb, native to the Himalayan region of Asia. Himalayan Balsam: invasive weed. Adapted for Northern Ireland Environment Agency 2020 The spread of invasive Himalayan balsam is now so bad that drivers who see it growing along roadside verges are being encouraged to stop and pull it out or contact the council immediately. Small infestations of Himalayan balsam can be controlled by hand-pulling the whole plant, including roots, in April and any new growth in September; or by regular grazing, strimming or the application of herbicides. Such methods involve physically removing the invasive balsam … Other Common Names: Ornamental jewelweed, touch-me-not, Indian jewelweed, policeman’s helmet. *Detected in Michigan* The main issue with this plant is that it’s very aggressive, muscling out native plants until it’s the only one left. The native range in the western Himalayas is relatively small compared to its invasive range. In fact, the plant – whose native range is the foothills of the Indian and Pakistani Himalayas – is considered one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species competing with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, thereby reducing local biodiversity. Apart from its attractive flowers, the exploding seed pods made it uniquely appealing. It is also commonly referred to as Indian Balsam. Background Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. However, humans have played a pretty big part in its successful colonization of the world. The Himalayan Balsam was introduced in the UK in 1839 as a greenhouse and garden plant, but it only took a few decades for it to escape into the wild. Its exploding seed pods allow the plant to rapidly spread into nearly impregnable thickets that reach over 3-meters-tall, smothering all other plant life to death. The plant was introduced to the UK in 1839, and Himalayan balsam is now a naturalised plant, initially marketed as having ‘herculean proportions’ and ‘splendid invasiveness’ (The Open University 2005) which meant that people could buy them relatively cheaply. The seeds can survive for up to 2 years without germinating if they are transported by water. Sustainability. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam Photos are sourced from GBNNSS and Groundwork South. The problem is that such actions need careful planning, as if the pods are ripe, the slightest touch can cause them to pop, shooting fresh seeds everywhere and keeping the cycle going. If you liked this story, like & follow us on Facebook for more. The attractive flowers appear in July with seeds that start to scatter by October not only around the plant, but also onto water. 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