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herodotus: the histories summary

* Hellespont crossed [p. 489] {490} * Mardonius tries to persuade the Athenians to Medize, * Mardonius reinvades Boeotia {479}, retakes Athens and burns it. * The captured King Psammenitus shows pity on a beggar [216] Corinthians join because of grudge over Samian rescue of Corcyrean boys being sent to Persia for castration by Periander of Corinth (Corinth had colonized Corcyra) [233]. * Greek origins of the Macedonians [364] * Abduction of Helen of Lacedaemonia by Alexander (Paris) of Troy and subsequent destruction of Troy [34] * Darius invades Scythia (N of the Black "Euxine" Sea & N of the Danube-Ister) [311]. Attack on Delphi [569]. The History of Herodotus By Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson. He is writing from the male perspective at a time when humankind was viewed as subject to the unknowable mysteries of Divine purpose and fate, and life was pretty grim even for the men. Herodotus' Histories has it all: tales of war, eyewitness travel writing, notes on flora and fauna and accounts of fantastic creatures such as winged snakes. Written in 440 BC in the Ionic dialect of classical Greek, The Histories serves as a … book, a "must" read in the Western canon. Out of arrogance, X. orders digging of a channel separating Mt. * Tale of Scythians feeding Cyaxeres boy's meat and fleeing to Lydia [67] Europeans; Darius Fails To Conquer Scythia; Greek Colonies In Libya (Cyrene, Barca); Persia Invades … Now that title is one that he richly deserves. Likely because The Histories was the widest-ranging attempt to document past events that had been undertaken up to that time, the Latin writer Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.) to the Egyptians with Proteus- tale rejected by Homer [178] * The army [492], the navy [498] includes Artemisia - 5,000,000 men in all [503] * Phoenicians abduct Io (Isis) daughter of king of Argos to Egypt (or did she go willingly?). Although we have the benefit of hindsight, the map is – comparatively speaking – fairly accurate given the limitations of the 5th century B.C. Darius sneaks back to the Ister. Queen Tomyris warns Cyrus as does Croesus, but he ignores them and is slain (529), * Cambyses, son of Cyrus, assumes rule in Persia. BCE Herodotus was a resident of Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum in Turkey) and wrote The Histories of Herodotus, a Greek history of the Persian invasion of Greece in the early fifth century BCE. * First to subdue and enslave Ionians, Aeolians, and Dorians in Asia Minor. c. THE HISTORY OF HERODOTUS BOOK I THE FIRST BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED CLIO This is the Showing forth of the Inquiry of Herodotus of Halicarnassos, to the end that[1] neither the deeds of men may be forgotten by lapse of time, nor the works[2] great and marvellous, which have been produced some by Hellenes and some by Barbarians, may Critics such as Thucydides, the guy who wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War, argue that Herodotus stuck a ton of folklore and fables into the historical narrative to make it seem more interesting. He sees a great interconnectedness in the events of history and begins in mythical times in order to explain the roots of his own civilization and what led up to the Persian Wars. Miltiades persuades the other generals to fight. exped. Overall Impression: This is a thoroghly enjoyable and entertaining * Lineage of the Alcmaeonidae [458]- Cleisthenes of Sicyon, Alcmaeon, Megacles, Cleisthenes, Pericles etc. Aristagoras plans to revolt from the Persians, encouraged by a secret messenger from Histaeus of Miletus [371]. Herodotus … * Ionian revolt: Begins in Naxos and Miletus: Aristagoras asks Artaphrenes of Persia to invade Naxos, led by Megabates. Kim, Lawrence (2010). At the same time it is conceived that the freedom and variety of Herodotus is not always best reproduced by such severe consistency of rendering as is perhaps desirab… * Miltiades, son of Cimon, rules the Chersonese  * Oroetes of Sardis (a Persian) kills Polycrates [264] and is later killed on the order of Darius. Hydarnes leads forces around the mountains to encircle the Greeks. The Histories Herodotus TRANSLATED BY GEORGE RAWLINSON BOOK 1 THESE are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the … Ἰστορίαι = The Histories, Herodotus The Histories of Herodotus is the founding work of history in Western literature. * Persians attack Miletus. * Greek doctor Democedes heals Darius' twisted ankle The Histories essays are academic essays for citation. * Cyrus threatens the 12 Ionian cities of Panionium, first attacking Phocaea (attack led by Harpagus)- they flee to Corsica.[107]. The culture of the Scythians: religion, burial rites, Darius's failed attack on Scythia and consequent retreat, The story of the Minyæ (descendants of the, The reorganizing of the Athenian tribes by, Aristagoras's failed request for help from Sparta, and successful attempt with Athens, The burning of Sardis, and Darius's vow for revenge against the Athenians, The abandonment of the Ionian fleet by the, The defeat of the Ionian fleet by the Persians, The destruction of 300 ships in Mardonius's fleet near, The order of Darius that the Greeks provide him, The history behind Sparta having two kings and their powers, The arrest of the traitors in Aegina by Cleomenes and the new king, The suicide of Cleomenes in a fit of madness, possibly caused by his war with, The Spartans late arrival to assist Athens, The death of Miltiades after a failed attack on, The defeat of the Egyptian rebels by Xerxes. 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