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He was one of the most unmerciful persecutors of the early Christians, but was converted by the sudden appearance to him of the risen Lord. Wake up, for our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed." It is evidently a new subject of exhortation, as Calvin says, and the words must be rendered as he proposes, or be viewed as elliptical; the word "I say," or "I command," according to Macknight, being understood, "This also I say, since we know the time," etc. Note the flow of thought (Rom. Many refer the word believed to the time of the law, as though Paul had said, that the Jews believed before Christ came; which view I reject as unnatural and strained; and surely to confine a general truth to a small part of the Church, would have been wholly inconsistent. Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies, and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, etc. Both are necessary: for Christ is our sanctification, the author, worker, and example of it, as well as our righteousness. Hoc enim, quum noverimus tempus, quia hora est qua jam e somno expergiscamur (nunc enim propior est salus nostra quam quum credi-dimus,). The humiliation of the cross was still a stumbling-block to them taken alone, but falling back upon another portion of their beliefs, they looked to see it supplemented, and its shameful side cancelled, by a second coming “in power and great glory.” Their previous expectations, vague as they were, led them to regard this as part of the one manifestation of the Messiah, and they did not expect to see a long interval of time interposed. Of that whole assembly to which he wrote, how few were Jews? 1700 28th Street SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508. That the present state of believers, their condition in this world, is meant here by "night," and their state of future glory is meant by "day," appears evident from the words which follow, "for nearer now is our salvation than when we believed." He wrote this to the Romans, who, as they were rich, so they were drained by taxes and impositions, to the just and honest payment of which they are here pressed by the apostle. Others suppose it refers to deliverance from "persecutions." [410] The words kai touto, according to Beza, Grotius, Mede, etc., connect what follows with the preceding exhortation to love, "And this do, or let us do, as we know," etc. The whole passage would then read better in this manner, -- 11. This metaphor is commonly used in Scripture with respect to what tends to adorn or to deform man; both of which may be seen in his clothing: for a filthy and torn garment dishonors a man; but what is becoming and clean recommends him. 12. You are hastening to the world of glory. Together, Romans 3:20 and Romans 4:15 produce a general principle that covers, not just biblical morality, but also secular. Awake out of sleep.—A striking metaphor. Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. This doesn't mean we break the law, but that we obey it by the power of the Spirit. However, the church in Rome was not … Both are necessary: for Christ is our sanctification, the author, worker, and example of it, as well as our righteousness. Every one then who wishes to satisfy the desires of the flesh, must necessarily not only fall into, but be immerged in a vast and deep gulf. Romans 8:2 tells us we are free from the power of sin. At that time it was to be expected that they would sleep the sleep of spiritual death. 11. [412] Many have explained "the putting on" here in a manner wholly inconsistent with the passage, as though the putting on of Christ's righteousness was intended. 8 Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law. Paul uses the term in the broadest possible sense to speak of all kinds of taxes. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 (Read Romans 13:11-14) Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. The works of darkness are shameful and wicked works; for night, as some one says, is shameless. Laws reveal to us our religious and/or civic duties. He says that the night had advanced, because we are not so overwhelmed with thick darkness as the unbelieving are, to whom no spark of life appears; but the hope of resurrection is placed by the gospel before our eyes; yea, the light of faith, by which we discover that the full brightness of celestial glory is nigh at hand, ought to stimulate us, so that we may not grow torpid on the earth. [409] The preceding explanation of night and day, as here to be understood, does not comport with what is afterwards said on. no doubt but that Paul intended to remind us, that strifes and contests arise from this fountain; for when any one seeks to excel, there is envying of one another; but ambition is the source of both evils. By light he means the revelation of divine truth, by which Christ the sun of righteousness arises on us. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. The first is what is here described, but the latter is what the passage refers to. 9 The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” # 13:9 Exodus 20:13-15,17; Deut. 14. The dawn of day, the approaching light of the morning, is the time to arouse from slumber. Living in the light of the coming of the day (13:11-14) Instructions for the ‘weak’ and the ‘strong’ (14:1-15:13) Paul’s ministry and future plans (15:14-33) Conclusion (16:1-27) Ben Witherington (Socio-Rhetorical Commentary) Witherington takes a distinct approach by reading the letter through the lens of … 1Peter 4:7; Revelation 22:20, et al. In response to the breakdown all around us and to the call of our God, let Christians around the world confess that it is high time that we come back to victorious living and triumphant evangelism. 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