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zoysia maintenance calendar

To manage a lawn, it is important to know the soil texture in the top foot of soil. Curative treatments for white grubs are applied after the larvae have hatched from the egg stage. Early Summer: Apply ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet early May after the lawn fully greens up. After the lawn has become dormant, water as needed to prevent excessive dehydration. See HGIC 1201, Fertilizing Lawns, for more information. Turf weakened by disease in fall will be slow to recover in the spring; therefore, fungicide applications are needed to control disease before the grass goes dormant. Do apply 1 pound of potassium (potash K2O) using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60), 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50), or 5 pounds of sul-po-mag (0-0-22) per 1,000 square feet. They make a very dense, wear-resistant lawn but are slow to recover from injury. Sharpen blades every spring. It is not unusual for zoysiagrass to green up and be burnt back several times during the late winter or early spring due to late season frosts. Toccoa Green™ is similar in appearance and maintenance to ‘Diamond’; however, it has a much faster rate of growth and recovers more quickly from scalp damage. Good soil fertility, full sun, high rainfall, southern growing area = better than average growth. Once nighttime temperatures fall below 70 °F, slightly raise the mower to allow more leaf surface. Disease Control: For disease control, especially large patch, it is extremely important to treat with fungicides during the fall months. This is not the best time to apply an insecticide for insect control because of cool soil temperatures and reduced insect activity. Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring using a rotary or reel mower set as low as possible without scalping the lawn. There are several ways to determine when the lawn needs watering. Fertilization: Always fertilize and add lime or sulfur based on a soil test. This program will provide the healthiest, thickest, greenest zoysia lawn with less weeds while using 80% less chemicals and pesticides than other conventional lawn programs. Empire Zoysia Lawn Maintenance Calendar General Information for Empire Zoysia grass Empire Zoysia grass is a native proprietary selection of Zoysia japonica. The mower setting should be around 1 to 1½ inches high. Do not allow the lawn to stay excessively wet if the lawn has a clay soil. Apply postemergence herbicides in May as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds like white clover, knotweed, spurge, and lespedeza. Insect Control: Any insects that were missed during the nymphal stage in the summer will have grown to a size where damage is occurring. Zoysiagrass grows best in full sun or partial shade and is well adapted to the piedmont and coastal plain. Check for and control any white grubs. Once the threat for frost has passed, lawn aerification may be combined with dethatching to alleviate any soil compaction problems. Grasstype: ZOYSIA. Irrigate the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches; this can be determined by probing the soil with a screwdriver or similar tool. commitment to diversity. Disturbing the soil after an application will allow weeds to emerge through this barrier. Be sure the product you choose is labeled for use on zoysiagrass. The center of a large area may start to green. For more information on weed control, please see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm-Season Lawns. Important times to monitor the weather are late winter or early spring when the turf is coming out of dormancy and early fall when first frost are forecasted. If either of these insects were a problem early in the season, apply an insecticide mid-July to control the younger immature insects. Apply broadleaf herbicides as necessary to control winter annual weeds like chickweed. For best control and to lessen the chance of turfgrass injury, always apply herbicides to turfgrass and weeds that are actively growing and not suffering from drought or heat stress. Monitor the lawn on a regular basis to assess the need for irrigation. Do not fertilize zoysiagrass at this time. However, this is not always the case. A second application is needed approximately 8 to 10 weeks after the initial application to give season long control of annual grassy and broadleaf weeds. In 3 months, recheck the soil pH to see what change was made. Broadleaf weed herbicides can be applied as necessary for control of chickweed, henbit, and other cool-season broadleaf weeds. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by NC State University or N.C. A&T State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. The leaves of this grass are coarse in texture and are a light green in color. It may take several years for a large pH change to occur. Mow the grass before it grows taller than 11⁄2 to 21⁄2 inches. See HGIC 1212, Zoysiagrass for additional information on care and varieties. Renovation Warm-season grasses, such as Bermudagrass, Zoysia grass and Bahiagrass, thrive in southern regions. Apply postemergence herbicides as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds. Last frost dates and first frost dates can vary by several weeks to a month from the coastal areas of South Carolina to the foothills of the Upstate. This publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. Weed Control Lawn maintenance requirements differ in levels of fertilization, watering, soil pH, and mowing height. For more information, refer to HGIC 1207, Watering Lawns and HGIC 1225, Conserving Turfgrass Irrigation. ‘BA-189’ ‘BA-189’ is a Zoysia japonica cultivar developed by the Uni-versity of Florida (‘BA-189’ was formerly marketed under the brand UltimateFlora™). Zenith zoysiagrass is available as seed and is best planted in late spring or early summer. The basic maintenance for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. Do not apply nitrogen at this time. One way is to monitor the lawn daily. Do not apply more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 square feet per year. Follow label directions as to post application watering. JUNE * Light fertilizer application if you missed the spring feeding * Iron-only feeding or … Mow Empire zoysia grass … Mole crickets and grub eggs will usually hatch mid-summer. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. Apply a post-emergent herbicide as needed to control existing winter grassy and broadleaf weeds. Fertilization:Apply 1/2 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet three weeks after the grass turns green. Winter desiccation can be a problem during dry winters. However, there can be exceptions. For more information on white grub management, see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. Lime or sulfur may also be added if a soil test indicates a need. Thatch may need to be carefully removed every three to five years; recovery is slow. Disease Control: The most common diseases that may occur on zoysiagrass during the growing season are large patch, formerly known as brown patch, and dollar spot. Wait to irrigate again when the lawn shows moisture stress. Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar Lawn Maintenance Calendars . In heavily infested turf, the areas may grow together and thus will not appear circular. This is especially important if warm, bright days preceed days forecasted to be in the low 20’s or colder. White grubs may be active at this time but spring curative applications are not effective. Approximate times are mid-February in the coastal and central areas and mid-March in the piedmont/mountain areas. An application of a soluble iron product will enhance the green color without creating excessive growth. MOWING. Note: A yellow appearance may also arise in early spring. Zoysia – General Notes. Minimal mowing, watering and annual maintenance will reward you with a thick, luxurious green lawn, which will also allow you to transplant additional zoysia plugs on your own. Weed Control Weed Control The need for phosphorus is determined by a soil test. Wait three weeks after the grass has turned green, and then use it only if weeds are present (see Pest Control Recommendations for Professional Turfgrass Managers, AG-408). Remove no more than ⅓ total height at one time. For more information on thatch removal, see HGIC 2360, Controlling Thatch in Lawns. If ragged ends of leaf blades become apparent after mowing, the blade needs sharpening. Mowing Fall maintenance for Empire Zoysia is easy as 1, 2, 3. If summer annual grassy weeds are a problem, pre-emergent herbicide applications in late winter and early spring may be the best choice. If you don’t get enough rain, water your lawn. OK OK OK OK OK OK OK WATER: 1 inch per week if no rainfall OK OK OK OK OK OK OK FERTILIZATION: Use any turf fertilizer twice per year. Contact the local County Extension Office or the Home & Garden Information Center for positive identification and proper management strategies. 2½ inches the facts about weed management for our Home lawn little care and varieties care. Insecticide application targeted at the normal mowing height: 1 – 2 ” raise 0.5 higher. Feet in late June or July as needed to control winter annual grassy weeds controlled. 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